中国党政领导干部名单

中国党政领导干部名单

名单.cn MingDan.cn #二维码.cn立刻有#

籍贯:北京

王海臣· 牛有成· 王毅· 井顿泉· 王晨· 方新· 邓勇· 王文杰· 王洪元· 付兆庚· 刘结一· 朱京海· 闫仲秋· 乔卫· 齐续春· 刘再军· 朱光耀· 沈岩· 张燕友· 杜德印· 李士祥· 肖亚庆· 陈燕楠· 李志军· 陈左宁· 李伟· 张维宁· 李明华· 李秋芳· 李保东· 陈永· 宋连娣· 吴素芳· 张世平· 陈雷· 张工· 张友民· 杨卫· 李长友· 金世洵· 岳鹏· 苗圩· 金书波· 孟凤朝· 刘鹤· 柳纪纲· 姜帆· 赵少华· 郭长江· 贾楠· 真才基· 高燕· 常宇· 阎晓峰· 崔述强· 黄悦勤· 崔少鹏· 黄燕明· 谢元· 董中原· 程连元· 韩子荣· 靳诺· 窦恩勇· 蔡昉· 蔡赴朝· 潘立刚· 潘毅琴· 冀岩

籍贯:天津

王乃坤· 尤兰田· 王洪海· 王志清· 王宏江· 冯卫华· 孙文魁· 齐鸣秋· 孙尧· 吕毅· 刘慧· 孙刚· 刘道刚· 孙宝华· 邵亨· 宋秀岩· 李绍洪· 李学义· 李建成· 李金亮· 李树起· 杨文明· 张吉福· 罗保铭· 赵杰· 夏林· 高树勋· 高学忠· 袁桐利· 夏宝龙· 贾凤山· 崔鹏· 韩启祥· 傅兴国· 解振华· 薛新立

籍贯:河北

魏民· 丁绣峰· 于丛乐· 马兰翠· 于秀栋· 马伟· 马宇骏· 马懿· 于春生· 才利民· 马馼· 于伟· 王迎军· 牛青山· 王学军· 邓沛然· 王景武· 王树成· 王宪魁· 王家瑞· 王爱文· 尤权· 王其江· 王宝伟· 王增力· 王雪峰· 王禹· 王小平· 王会勇· 王亮· 王秀军· 王秉清· 王清宪· 王超· 王雁飞· 王树国· 尹亚力· 王贺胜· 王庚年· 尹蔚民· 王福山· 冯韧· 卢希· 边发吉· 弘强· 卢景波· 田向利· 艾文礼· 冯韶慧· 史玉波· 朱丽萍· 刘见明· 刘新成· 闫树江· 许津荣· 任建新· 齐同生· 刘长喜· 铁凝· 刘旭· 回建· 刘玉顺· 孙贵宝· 邢国辉· 孙立成· 刘惠· 齐晓飞· 安建· 孙春兰· 刘曙光· 刘志刚· 任学锋· 孙士彬· 刘金国· 刘德树· 任贤良· 陈超英· 张恩玺· 张仲秋· 陈平· 汪民· 吴桂英· 李志刚· 李冀东· 张桂华· 杜金才· 宋远方· 李清· 李连庆· 张泽峰· 李金柱· 杨松· 李春良· 张瑞书· 杨振武· 陈向群· 张俊滨· 张建民· 杨福刚· 谷焕民· 张轩· 宋太平· 陈旭· 李五四· 张庆伟· 宋亮· 吴玉良· 张勇· 李万钧· 杨慧· 张建东· 张峰· 杨建平· 李树铭· 李谦· 张迈曾· 李建华· 张俊芳· 宋福龙· 李文喜· 杨克勤· 宋维明· 陈雨露· 张和· 杨汭· 张明· 陈新· 张建平· 张建欣· 李守信· 张玲· 李小刚· 杨振斌· 杨俊兴· 李海峰· 张群山· 张道宏· 周仲明· 武金辉· 岳亮· 孟祥伟· 周家彪· 武贵龙· 郝林海· 赵曙光· 段惠军· 段春华· 姜德果· 赵风楼· 段轮一· 赵和平· 赵大程· 赵素萍· 赵沪湘· 赵海山· 郭建英· 袁彦鹏· 徐衣显· 高志立· 耿文清· 陈平· 徐绍川· 郭青· 郭华· 聂辰席· 耿惠昌· 徐惠彬· 殷晓静· 高宏志· 聂瑞平· 高世宏· 郭文奇· 贾东军· 郭庚茂· 栗战书· 常丽虹· 梅世彤· 曹淑敏· 康晓萍· 曹素华· 崔津渡· 商黎光· 崔亚东· 常大光· 鄂竟平· 曹清· 崔郁· 景汉朝· 程振山· 韩文秀· 彭勇· 傅政华· 董晓宇· 鲁勇· 焦彦龙· 程国平· 雷建国· 翟鲁宁· 雒树刚· 蔺雪峰· 翟隽· 魏洪涛· 魏树旺

籍贯:山西

高玉葆· 阎晓明· 李悦娥· 张友君· 尉俊东· 丁巍· 马彦平· 马晓伟· 王新宪· 王建华· 牛之俊· 王立伟· 王小东· 王晓琴· 周然· 王宁· 王岐山· 牛纪刚· 牛广明· 王焰新· 王君· 王赋· 王伟中· 支树平· 王安庞· 王宁· 牛仁亮· 王少峰· 王志勇· 王斌· 宁吉喆· 石泰峰· 李政文· 田喜荣· 史大刚· 卢建明· 田进· 宁滨· 刘金平· 任亚平· 刘滇生· 朱先奇· 刘云山· 刘吉臻· 阴和俊· 孙宝厚· 安七一· 刘润民· 刘振民· 李维森· 李富林· 李跃· 张建星· 张杰· 张京泽· 张彦通· 陈润生· 李宪生· 吴利军· 李建春· 张复明· 李岷· 陈新权· 张太原· 张碧涌· 何贵· 张茂才· 李元平· 李静海· 李彦宏· 李俊明· 李少平· 李鹏新· 张九萍· 张璞· 栗震亚· 宋元明· 陈永奇· 李红· 张彦珍· 连辑· 张少琴· 李宝善· 李正印· 杨志明· 孟建民· 罗永纲· 岳普煜· 郑连生· 罗清宇· 苗银柱· 赵英民· 赵雁峰· 姚增科· 郝远· 姜新文· 赵宪庚· 胡苏平· 相里斌· 胡玉亭· 耿彦波· 贾高建· 秦敏· 席小平· 高建民· 晋保平· 席小军· 高虎城· 高卫东· 郭迎光· 阎庆民· 阎根生· 曹征海· 梁建勇· 傅选义· 董恒宇· 程红· 谢克昌· 董洪运· 董一兵· 廉毅敏· 雷鸣山· 温刚· 翟青· 潘临珠· 薛延忠· 薛进文· 薛晓峰· 魏晓明

籍贯:内蒙古

于立新· 王世元· 王中和· 王双林· 邓月楼· 王锐· 王寒松· 王月胜· 巴音朝鲁· 乌兰· 王安· 云光中· 王玉明· 王波· 包振玉· 史耀斌· 付万惠· 史建勇· 包满达· 冯玉臻· 布小林· 刘慧芳· 旭日干· 任泽锋· 那顺孟和· 乔保平· 刘新乐· 李杰翔· 杜金富· 陈伟· 杨晶· 李熙· 张英伟· 张华· 李荣禧· 张利平· 杜梓· 张喜武· 呼尔查· 郑福田· 罗志虎· 罗虎在· 孟宪东· 郝林娜· 赵晓光· 赵洪祝· 郝时远· 赵双连· 段志强· 赵雨森· 郭树清· 都本伟· 郭启俊· 郭军· 常军政· 常志刚· 常海· 龚明珠· 董志毅· 傅莹· 焦开河· 鲍常青· 廉素· 裴伟东· 潘刚

籍贯:辽宁

丁向阳· 于群· 于立军· 万立骏· 才华· 马明· 王俭· 王勇· 王力威· 王尔乘· 王振有· 王刚· 王东明· 王文斌· 王伟· 王洪章· 王树权· 巴特尔· 王灏· 王红· 邓凯· 王刚· 王莉霞· 王玉普· 白向群· 付建华· 白松涛· 石生龙· 田会· 艾丽华· 卢晓光· 冯佐库· 白春礼· 包钢· 冯士栋· 白金明· 史文清· 刘国强· 孙大光· 刘滨· 孙轶· 许武· 刘洪才· 孙家学· 孙荫环· 许东· 毕力夫· 关强· 孙远良· 刘强· 张建国· 邴志刚· 汪明浩· 张宪军· 黄跃金· 沈中阳· 陈大卫· 陈羽· 佟宝君· 佟志武· 李斌· 杨宇栋· 张德江· 肖盛峰· 李晓安· 肖捷· 张大卫· 杨绍品· 李佳· 杨岳· 何小平· 杨明生· 陈雍· 杜永胜· 高枫· 陈政高· 张杰辉· 张新枫· 李伟· 张少春· 李守镇· 岳进· 范长龙· 周英· 罗志军· 杭桂林· 周树春· 周忠轩· 范继英· 赵化明· 赵长禄· 赵冰· 赵凤桐· 赵小平· 赵冲久· 骆琳· 赵鸣骥· 侯凯· 姚志平· 胡世英· 柯炳生· 费东斌· 贺旻· 赵家荣· 高憬宏· 高文· 栗甲· 徐延豪· 徐进· 顾国新· 高亢· 唐建武· 徐枞巍· 徐翔· 顾玉才· 郭明义· 黄玉治· 黄晓薇· 梁永岑· 阎立· 崔丽· 符太增· 康志文· 隋振江· 葛会波· 韩进· 曾维· 韩永文· 解学智· 滕佳材· 潘利国· 薛恒· 薛康· 穆虹· 蹇彪· 魏小琴

籍贯:吉林

赵吉光· 万本太· 于言良· 马俊清· 王瑞生· 王化文· 王兆星· 王晓晖· 王刚· 车秀兰· 支建华· 王振才· 王禹民· 王文权· 冯健身· 马志伟· 边振甲· 刘振宇· 孙谦· 庄严· 刘刚· 全哲洙· 刘建超· 刘益春· 刘宁· 许宪平· 杜青林· 李晋修· 李福春· 杜渊泉· 杨晓慧· 何捷· 陈晓光· 陈海波· 李季· 陈清· 陈蔷· 何岩· 宋大涵· 张玉香· 杨隽· 张伯军· 张鸿文· 李相国· 陈吉宁· 张野· 吴德刚· 杨士秋· 范晓莉· 金育辉· 金振吉· 房俐· 姜有为· 赵实· 姜胜耀· 赵光君· 胡军· 姜治莹· 胡可明· 赵继· 郝赤勇· 赵世洪· 袁家军· 高建华· 徐占斌· 郭淑兰· 盛连喜· 矫梅燕· 曹小红· 崔希亮· 隋忠诚· 韩勇· 慕德贵· 谭瑞松· 谭家林· 潘东军

籍贯:黑龙江

符凤春· 于培顺· 马力· 马朝旭· 王春峰· 王大伟· 王兆力· 王晓锋· 王会生· 王志发· 史立军· 吕岩松· 刘国中· 孙喆· 刘君· 毕井泉· 孙大伟· 刘伟平· 李海涛· 张韵声· 张毅· 杜宇新· 杨富· 李冰· 陈元丰· 怀进鹏· 吴德金· 李森阳· 吴团英· 李坤· 李志刚· 吴国春· 张常荣· 张恩亮· 李继纯· 杜吉明· 李延江· 杜向民· 沈小平· 张彦· 肖兴威· 辛国斌· 郑小燕· 武凤呈· 周玉· 孟宏伟· 赵铭· 姚郁· 赵克非· 贺东风· 唐晓青· 徐广国· 郭大成· 夏耕· 夏立华· 高环· 高广滨· 黄星原· 龚立群· 韩杼滨· 韩立华· 滕刚

名单.cn MingDan.cn #二维码.cn立刻有#

籍贯:上海

马春雷· 万钢· 马凯· 王海京· 王锦珍· 王恩哥· 史济锡· 吉林· 孙潮· 庄木弟· 汤志平· 陆昊· 杨晓渡· 陆晓栋· 张裔炯· 陈元· 张大方· 陈德铭· 李跃旗· 杨洁篪· 沈蓓莉· 张恩迪· 周济· 周波· 钟波· 胡海岩· 姚燕· 姜海山· 赵仲华· 赵奇· 姜建清· 赵惠琴· 顾炬· 徐麟· 翁杰明· 唐海龙· 诸葛宇杰· 顾海良· 曹德明· 黄孟复· 童世骏· 程天权· 潘敏

籍贯:江苏

丁孝文· 丁薛祥· 丁大卫· 马培华· 万闻华· 马秋林· 于康震· 于广洲· 王荣平· 王荣· 李伟· 王晓涛· 王陆进· 王蒙徽· 王国庆· 王新海· 王志雄· 卞百平· 王光亚· 王宜林· 尹群· 邓卫平· 王文涛· 仇鸿· 王顺洪· 王作安· 卢彦· 卢新宁· 史和平· 左惟· 乐玉成· 许宏才· 刘小明· 刘正荣· 汤益诚· 任荣发· 朱海仑· 朱维群· 刘捷· 成其圣· 刘淇· 刘延东· 纪峥· 刘政奎· 刘雅鸣· 许勤· 孙继伟· 孙家正· 朱民阳· 乔建永· 朱晓明· 匡湧· 朱民· 孙康林· 朱芝松· 印红· 许小峰· 过剑飞· 许立荣· 朱拓· 许仲梓· 刘永忠· 吕振霖· 朱晓进· 孙咸泽· 陈豪· 芮晓武· 李玉刚· 李新元· 张平· 李进军· 李万疆· 沈小南· 杨承志· 沐华平· 杨贤金· 张建华· 陈群· 陈骏· 张亚忠· 张连珍· 李秀领· 沙海林· 何建明· 陈刚· 邵旭军· 张晓钦· 吴志明· 沈敏· 陈冀平· 吴政隆· 花建慧· 张雷· 张德华· 严隽琪· 李彬· 陈寅· 李玉赋· 李源潮· 吴知论· 肖培· 邹加怡· 张桃林· 陈锡文· 张国华· 沈素琍· 张晓明· 张敬华· 李忠杰· 陈钢· 张来明· 宋涛· 张志军· 张爱军· 陈坚· 沈金强· 陆启洲· 杨天怡· 陈飞· 李伟· 吴洪彪· 杨晓超· 李逸平· 李智勇· 李健· 张荣· 宋卫平· 周宁· 侍俊· 周学文· 郑兰荪· 周春来· 单霁翔· 茆庆国· 金小桃· 罗一民· 周小川· 周锡生· 杲云· 周海江· 周乃翔· 王拥军· 练月琴· 郑国光· 周铁根· 周声涛· 林宽海· 孟建柱· 周光宏· 周健民· 范燕青· 项雪龙· 项兆伦· 姜斯宪· 姚晓东· 胡问鸣· 费高云· 姜志刚· 施纪明· 姜沛民· 俞建华· 胡世忠· 赵鹏· 钱洪山· 徐郭平· 顾伯平· 夏科家· 夏林茂· 倪强· 徐泽洲· 顾朝曦· 陈竺· 郭金龙· 徐鸣· 徐家新· 郭允冲· 钱小芊· 徐珠宝· 徐留平· 唐登杰· 顾军· 徐孝民· 徐岗· 唐军· 高晓兵· 徐辉· 高登榜· 郭业洲· 徐绿平· 徐守盛· 凌月明· 曹建明· 黄胜强· 曹卫星· 黄卫· 黄莉新· 黄炜· 盛光祖· 黄树贤· 龚正· 康涛· 曹立强· 黄浩涛· 蔡其华· 曹效业· 黄明· 蒋定之· 蒋开喜· 谢正义· 蒋宏坤· 葛红林· 韩立明· 惠建林· 程崇庆· 蒋坚永· 强卫· 臧秋华· 缪瑞林· 蔡丽新· 蔡振华· 潘岳· 樊金龙· 戴晓曙· 魏国强· 戴相龙· 戴玉林· 瞿振元

籍贯:浙江

 林健东· 丁仲礼· 马卫光· 马乐声· 马家利· 马旭明· 王秦丰· 方佳军· 尹弘· 毛光烈· 王荣宝· 王建满· 王亚君· 毛伟明· 王辉忠· 王敏正· 王昌荣· 王仲伟· 方惠萍· 贝晓曦· 王路· 孔令中· 冯志礼· 卢展工· 厉志海· 厉月姿· 朱小丹· 孙华山· 孙永波· 朱奕龙· 孙景淼· 朱晨· 刘红薇· 孙毅彪· 朱民· 邵宁· 陈伟根· 杜家毫· 杜飞进· 杨燕怡· 应勇· 苏德良· 杜世源· 陈青· 杨雄· 沈骏· 沈晓明· 陈一新· 陈加元· 吴晶· 张鸿铭· 陈兴超· 李建平· 李家俊· 陈浙闽· 李卫宁· 李强· 何平· 陈德荣· 沈何· 杨建荣· 陈敏尔· 吴朝晖· 陈伟俊· 沈仁康· 陈金彪· 沈晓农· 李荣灿· 陈进玉· 李良园· 陈智敏· 姒健敏· 来茂德· 陈放· 陈小平· 沈跃跃· 陈荣高· 陈海峰· 周艳· 周祖翼· 郑晓静· 经天亮· 林智敏· 林蕙青· 周江勇· 金壮龙· 金德水· 周汉民· 竺延风· 郑俊康· 茅临生· 姚坚· 洪浩· 俞正声· 姜平· 胡伟· 施小琳· 赵晖· 赵一德· 俞志宏· 施克辉· 钟山· 钟燕群· 洪水坤· 姚海同· 俞东来· 姜樑· 胡祖才· 姚克· 骆惠宁· 徐令义· 徐绍史· 袁宝成· 徐文光· 钱三雄· 殷一璀· 徐未晚· 徐立毅· 莫负春· 翁孟勇· 徐冠巨· 袁荣祥· 莫建成· 徐逸波· 翁铁慧· 黄奇帆· 梁黎明· 章勇武· 曹新平· 曹德信· 黄强· 崔天凯· 黄永达· 黄旭明· 童建明· 韩正· 傅惠民· 韩启德· 舒国增· 温暖· 董建华· 蒋巨峰· 董松根· 葛慧君· 谢茹· 蒋卓庆· 董云虎· 鲁俊· 葛世荣· 谢旭人· 程渭山· 谢国明· 裘援平· 楼继伟· 慎海雄· 裘东耀· 楼阳生· 暨军民· 蔡达峰· 谭荣尧· 蔡威· 蔡秀军· 滕卫平· 潘云鹤· 潘公凯

籍贯:安徽

 汪一光· 马志武· 于勇· 牛立文· 王立彤· 王启敏· 王受文· 车俊· 吴汉民· 方春明· 王国强· 孔晓宏· 王金付· 王天琦· 王宏· 王常松· 王胜俊· 王翠凤· 石刚· 卢映川· 叶冬松· 冯键· 孙雪涛· 乔传秀· 刘小河· 朱从玖· 刘玉珠· 刘奇葆· 刘德培· 刘涛· 毕小彬· 宇如聪· 汤黎路· 江泽林· 刘莉· 孙云飞· 任启亮· 朱读稳· 张学平· 李卫华· 李修松· 张卫国· 陆克华· 张家明· 邵峰· 张勇· 李红· 沈北海· 李成钢· 陈辞· 李新亚· 李克强· 杜延安· 汪康· 吴清· 吴靖平· 汪洋· 何建中· 李晓超· 陈冰冰· 张庆军· 汪泉· 李家洋· 吴存荣· 邵国荷· 张来斌· 张祥安· 李颖川· 沈强· 时光辉· 张平· 肖超英· 宋国权· 何忠友· 杨仁树· 张琦· 吴艳华· 汪先永· 陈强· 陈国强· 吴刚· 郑传福· 范坚· 郑为文· 武献华· 孟苏铁· 赵韩· 赵雯· 施建军· 钟自然· 姚志彬· 赵正永· 姚玉舟· 胡静林· 胡连松· 倪玉平· 夏涛· 谈绪祥· 徐南平· 徐松南· 徐鸣· 郭大进· 袁贵仁· 倪岳峰· 钱克明· 徐立全· 唐承沛· 袁曙宏· 徐平· 聂宏· 曹建国· 梁卫国· 黄晓武· 梁桂· 童怀伟· 程幼东· 储亚平· 鲁炜· 彭佳学· 彭树杰· 谢广祥· 程向民· 程建平· 谢鸿光· 韩军· 蒋斌· 葛长伟· 彭龙· 雍成瀚· 路钢· 窦贤康· 詹夏来· 虞爱华· 潘朝晖· 魏尧· 戴源

籍贯:福建

王玲· 王小洪· 王建明· 王钦敏· 王志民· 邓本元· 叶建春· 卢文端· 叶双瑜· 刘赐贵· 朱之文· 刘鲤生· 许荣茂· 孙亚夫· 许昆林
许健康· 刘可清· 池秋娜· 庄荣文· 许甘露
朱崇实· 许又声· 陈春阳· 李锋· 陈荣书
邓力平· 张燮飞· 张帆· 陈向先· 陈绍军
李宁波· 何明华· 陈希· 沈爱民· 张高丽
吴忠· 陈俊卿· 陈荣凯· 陈斯喜· 杨益民
李德金· 陈桦· 苏增添· 张志南· 陈文申
杜源生· 张通· 陈义兴· 陈建文· 陈章良
李贻煌· 张雨东· 陈家东· 陈冬· 陈肇雄
周联清· 林如鹏· 林军· 林左鸣· 林武
林宝金· 郑新聪· 范迪安· 郑栅洁· 周太彤
姚建年· 祝列克· 侯建国· 洪捷序· 俞太尉
洪慧民· 徐谦· 郭振家· 翁祖亮· 郭生练
翁玉耀· 黄建发· 黄琪玉· 黄坤明· 黄剑雄
雷春美· 蔡奇· 裴金佳· 廖小军· 潘征
薛卫民· 魏小东· 檀云坤

籍贯:江西

马承祖· 王少玄· 邓声明· 王令浚· 邓保生· 王晓峰· 王晓东· 余欣荣· 龙新南· 冯飞· 朱秉发· 汤建人· 刘晓庄· 刘礼祖· 许爱民· 危朝安· 孙也刚· 刘文新· 安路生· 刘卫平· 孙文友· 李小三· 邱小平· 李华栋· 杨逢春· 陈文辉· 张文· 张友南· 陈志刚· 肖毅· 李伍峰· 张鸿星· 汪永清· 杨健· 陈津恩· 张和平· 陆俊华· 吴浈· 沈德咏· 范小毛· 林彬杨· 范卫平· 郑京平· 周萌· 胡昌升· 钟利贵· 胡焯· 钟登华· 洪礼和· 胡幼桃· 姚亚平· 钟志生· 夏崇源· 郭声琨· 徐晓· 袁隆平· 殷美根· 凌成兴· 郭安· 梁保华· 黄洪· 黄洁夫· 梅黎明· 龚建华· 黄建盛· 梅亦· 梁潮平· 谢亦森· 曾萍· 曾颖如· 董仚生· 舒晓琴· 曾庆红· 谭晓林· 熊盛文· 熊维平· 熊建平· 蔡晓明· 颜赣辉· 魏旋君

籍贯:山东

吴汉圣· 丁业现· 丁伟· 于旭波· 于建成· 纪仁凤· 于迅· 于平· 于军· 于晓明· 于志刚· 马军胜· 马建堂· 于伟国· 于新文· 马世忠· 于文明· 马兴瑞· 于贤成· 王立山· 邓丽· 王瑞连· 邓向阳· 王晓· 王越· 方海洋· 王作安· 孔德昌· 尹慧敏· 王炳南· 王成国· 王立科· 王浩· 王艺华· 王承文· 王京清· 王玲· 王书坚· 王春法· 王君正· 王晓光· 尹力· 王乐泉· 王燕文· 王良· 王伟光· 王树山· 王随莲· 王沪宁· 王浩水· 王惠敏· 王晓东· 王安平· 王炳华· 王正谱· 王和民· 王宏· 王广谦· 王少峰· 王明明· 王云鹏· 王宇田· 王磊· 王忠林· 王庆云· 王福宏· 王三运· 公丕祥· 王勇· 王国生· 尹成基· 王求· 王晓初· 丛树海· 田承忠· 田学军· 石亚军· 申长友· 冯明· 宁高宁· 孙宝树· 毕宝文· 孙兆林· 许其亮· 刘群英· 吕世明· 江广平· 刘作明· 吕维峰· 许传智· 刘慧晏· 许立全· 孙继业· 刘志强· 刘华· 孙业礼· 孙志军· 刘伟· 刘志江· 刘光磊· 刘海泉· 朱昌杰· 刘星泰· 孙述涛· 孙瑞标· 刘明· 孙达· 孙荣民· 孙中华· 孙绍骋· 刘奇· 刘正均· 刘晏良· 孙永春· 曲福田· 曲青山· 毕美家· 吕世光· 刘珂· 刘维佳· 曲淑辉· 孙爱军· 孙喆· 刘实· 孙伟· 刘曙光· 刘立滨· 孙清云· 孙守刚· 孙政才· 毕志强· 江岩· 曲孝丽· 安东· 刘春良· 刘杰· 刘锡汉· 许振超· 宋鱼水· 张鸣起· 张海迪· 邱学强· 李玉妹· 李建国· 李世明· 张安顺· 李萍· 张述元· 张德霖· 张涛· 李素芝· 张雨浦· 张效廉· 何辛幸· 张异宾· 杨东奇· 张传林· 张茂于· 陈光· 李宽端· 张心骥· 李光聚· 李先忠· 陈兰华· 李峰· 张光强· 张学兵· 张广宁· 邹天敬· 李洪义· 李昭玲· 张茅· 李小敏· 张庆黎· 杨玉学· 张江汀· 张伟· 杨鲁豫· 李刚· 张少军· 吴翠云· 张光峰· 宋军继· 张新起· 李春生· 吴德星· 李捷· 杨传堂· 张建国· 张建宏· 李兆前· 宋明昌· 杨传平· 冷溶· 别胜学· 张兵· 张建国· 张宏志· 张为民· 张树军· 张宏森· 陈飞· 张敏· 张西明· 吴英杰· 李志刚· 张术平· 杨艺文· 辛桂梓· 何树山· 李群· 杨焕宁· 何昕· 陈先运· 李东生· 杨斌· 张惠· 李同道· 李贻伟· 李庆奎· 李言静· 杜黎明· 李鸿忠· 李勇· 张务锋· 张岱梨· 张玉卓· 李培林· 李国梁· 李炳军· 何挺· 邹志武· 张军· 张广智· 杜江· 陈敏· 孟庆丰· 周来振· 林建华· 季缃绮· 周家斌· 周福启· 周长奎· 武玉德· 林铎· 孟庆松· 尚福林· 林念修· 林山青· 周延礼· 尚斌义· 罗涛· 宋希斌· 武玉嶂· 周连华· 林峰海· 周慧琳· 葛洪元· 庞义华· 房灵敏· 尚勇· 房爱卿· 孟凡利· 郄英才· 孟学农· 贺荣· 信长星· 赵青· 赵惠令· 柏继民· 赵永清· 姜伟· 赵长茂· 赵进军· 胡胜才· 胡亚枫· 宫晶堃· 赵克志· 姚光· 郝平· 胡家福· 赵建才· 洪袁舒· 洪毅· 姜增伟· 郝明金· 胡和平· 姜锋· 姜异康· 姜大明· 胡玉敏· 赵国红· 赵力平· 赵豪志· 姜杰· 胡善亭· 贾玉梅· 李湘林· 梁静· 高扬· 唐一军· 夏杰· 唐坚· 高华· 高云龙· 秦亚青· 钱智· 董新光· 徐庆华· 郭运德· 徐伟华· 贾万志· 徐乐江· 郭晓华· 夏德仁· 徐景颜· 徐显明· 高雄· 郭开朗· 高文兵· 徐建一· 徐福顺· 崔志成· 曹宇· 崔波· 崔锐捷· 梁言顺· 梁振英· 黄泰岩· 崔玉英· 矫勇· 鹿心社· 阎京华· 梁涛· 隋军· 崔洪刚· 曹培玺· 曹广晶· 崔保华· 盖文启· 焦扬· 彭有冬· 董伟· 温孚江· 董明俊· 谢经荣· 喻红秋· 蒋庆哲· 韩俊· 董保华· 韩震· 傅传玉· 焦红· 解维俊· 靳绥东· 蒲增繁· 蒿峰· 甄忠义· 谭琳· 翟占一· 蔡名照· 翟惠生· 蔡振红· 樊丽明· 魏大鹏· 戴东昌

籍贯:河南

丁红都·  陈星· 于世良· 马正跃· 山红红· 卫华· 马林青· 马建中· 王秀芳· 王宇燕· 王凯· 王新伟· 王艳玲· 王革冰· 王保存· 王富玉· 王永耀· 王恒勤· 勾清明· 王雪非· 王宾宜· 王炯· 王铁· 王予波· 王儒林· 毛万春· 毛超峰· 王军· 王跃飞· 黄守宏· 付志方· 白尚成· 左军· 田红旗· 田世宏· 甘荣坤· 王进· 申长雨· 卢纯· 史济春· 乔新江· 朱学庆· 吉炳轩· 张津梁· 任建华· 刘伟· 冀国强· 安惠元· 阴朝民· 刘俊臣· 刘洋· 刘从良· 刘伟· 孙志刚· 刘继标· 吉炳伟· 刘满仓· 孙东生· 安伟· 许显辉· 李朋德· 李建国· 李如林· 李亚· 杨根生· 李静· 李明生· 张宇松· 陈强· 李豫琦· 李公乐· 张国清· 李前光· 张启生· 张延昆· 李英杰· 李殿勋· 张春贤· 宋爱荣· 张延华· 李书磊· 陈新发· 李国英· 宋建朝· 杨宗凯· 张清杰· 陈建生· 张超超· 李慎明· 李建中· 宋璇涛· 李晓钟· 李慧· 陆志鹏· 张广智· 李文慧· 张沁荣· 陈全国· 张耕· 李春生· 李宇明· 张国伟· 杜航伟· 张国晖· 张苏军· 张文深· 连维良· 余学友· 李柳身· 李志军· 李松山· 李江河· 陈大民· 张乐斌· 周斌· 尚朝阳· 周建琨· 周森锋· 周喜安· 宗国英· 武国定· 范修芳· 赵润田· 姚新民· 侯红· 胡五岳· 周卫健· 赵世军· 赵争平· 段喜中· 弯海川· 胡怀邦· 侯淅珉· 赵莉莎· 侯君舒· 赵爱明· 赵瑞东· 贺化· 赵阳· 骆玉林· 夏新· 高体健· 钱国玉· 郭俊民· 徐敬业· 郭东明· 徐志新· 郭永辉· 陶明伦· 郭瑞民· 郭洪昌· 徐济超· 陶夏新· 秦宜智· 郭元强· 袁周· 黄先耀· 庹震· 黄玮· 黄海嵩· 常万全· 黄艳· 曹存正· 谢玉安· 彭友东· 蒋笃运· 董文标· 蒋旭光· 程志明· 程丽华· 靳克文· 鲍常勇· 路国贤· 臧献甫· 穆为民

籍贯:湖北

万新恒· 丁烈云· 万勇· 万鄂湘· 王洪祥· 王晓萍· 王汝鹏· 王一新· 邓麦村· 陈天会· 王祥喜· 王永康· 王乘· 尹汉宁· 王建军· 甘霖· 艾学峰· 田玉科· 冯俊· 甘藏春· 龙庄伟· 刘伟· 乔明佳· 乔余堂· 刘善桥· 许克振· 吕忠梅· 朱茂· 刘新文· 朱虹· 江金权· 汤涛· 孙金龙· 刘雪荣· 刘芳震· 任振鹤· 刘晓鸣· 刘永富· 刘身利· 阮成发· 江必新· 张博· 李红军· 闵宜仁· 汪鸿雁· 张业遂· 吴燕生· 何毅· 陈绪国· 杨家才· 陈代平· 李春明· 陈刚· 肖旭明· 张柏青· 李金林· 陆先高· 李小林· 李忠云· 陈昌智· 肖云刚· 何雄· 何建中· 李新华· 李兵· 张昌平· 陈述贤· 李金早· 吴耀文· 肖伏清· 张依涛· 肖菊华· 陈安丽· 张昌尔· 吴恒权· 李建明· 余蔚平· 杜海洋· 别必雄· 吴锦· 林上元· 林克庆· 范兴元· 范照兵· 茅永红· 周先旺· 周霁· 周泽民· 范锐平· 周文霞· 周强· 罗俊· 赵飞· 郝翔· 胡春华· 高红卫· 夏红民· 秦军· 郭跃进· 夏晓鸥· 唐良智· 夏庆丰· 徐光· 陶宏· 黄三平· 黄关春· 梁伟年· 屠光绍· 梁惠玲· 黄晓玫· 黄新初· 黄进· 盛茂林· 曹国永· 黄楚平· 龚文密· 彭克玉· 董卫民· 童刚· 傅振邦· 蒋晓华· 散襄军· 谢伏瞻· 韩光明· 彭清华· 傅奎· 游钧· 傅德辉· 解畅· 黎晓宏· 黎昌晋· 戴柏华· 戴均良

籍贯:湖南

王一彪· 王毅韧· 王新陆· 王志刚· 王柯敏· 王东京· 邓秀新· 邓军· 邓崎琳· 邓小刚· 王可· 王宁· 毛腾飞· 龙明彪· 卢雍政· 甘霖· 叶红专· 刘可为· 刘跃进· 刘悦伦· 阳卫国· 刘莲玉· 刘晓· 向曙光· 孙先德· 刘克利· 任正晓· 刘力伟· 许达哲· 朱伟· 刘事青· 吕滨· 向力力· 刘君· 刘惠· 李皋· 何宁卡· 吴尚之· 李世宏· 吴道槐· 陈训秋· 陈治亚· 李干杰· 陈君文· 杨维刚· 张中华· 吴志功· 杜占元· 李军· 张剑飞· 何文浩· 陈求发· 李晖· 陈飞虎· 陈三新· 杨光荣· 何报翔· 李小豹· 李友志· 张秀隆· 张放平· 杨庆育· 张硕辅· 杨灿明· 陈润儿· 李微微· 张尧学· 李有新· 张鸣· 周绪红· 周洪宇· 屈冬玉· 武吉海· 欧阳斌· 易军· 周农· 周立云· 周伯华· 金湘军· 周海兵· 周德睿· 易鹏飞· 易炼红· 胡光辉· 钟志华· 赵跃宇· 赵中权· 赵勇· 贺安杰· 胡衡华· 胡伟林· 胡忠雄· 卿渐伟· 袁新华· 袁纯清· 谈文胜· 秦光荣· 袁南生· 陶凯元· 王群· 徐慧· 徐加爱· 袁建尧· 曹清尧· 龚克· 曹炯芳· 隆国强· 黄润秋· 黄兰香· 梅克保· 盛荣华· 喻顶成· 童道驰· 傅自应· 谢勇· 彭宪法· 曾益新· 曾赞荣· 谢建辉· 蒋超良· 蒋建国· 彭国甫· 谢和平· 喻云林· 曾欣· 谭作钧· 谭本宏· 熊选国· 谭天星· 谭铁牛· 谭天伟· 戴道晋

籍贯:广西

马飚· 丘志勇· 甘绍宁· 农生文· 刘有明· 全桂寿· 何朝建· 陈武· 张贵林· 陈刚· 李纪恒· 苏志武· 李长进· 李康· 肖莺子· 杨道喜· 周异决· 周红波· 荣仕星· 赵德明· 莫恭明· 莫永清· 唐云舒· 黄世勇· 黄克· 黄善春· 黄道伟· 黄格胜· 黄荣· 黄俊华· 黄日波· 温卡华· 覃志刚· 覃瑞祥· 彭钊· 彭晓春· 蓝天立· 磨长英

籍贯:广东

陈春声· 邓伟根· 邓海光· 江凌· 刘小涛· 刘艺良· 刘日知· 吕业升· 刘昆· 刘志庚· 许瑞生· 许宁生· 吴紫骊· 张百如· 李庆雄· 吴炜· 麦教猛· 张广敏· 肖杰· 苏海棠· 陈有庆· 何立峰· 李劲夫· 李卓彬· 陈小川· 何厚铧· 陈继兴· 杨懂· 陈启明· 何东平· 苏志刚· 李河君· 陈经纬· 李元元· 陈尘肇· 陈东· 李小满· 张江· 陈文浩· 李容根· 陈绿平· 严植婵· 张纪南· 郑人豪· 庞国梅· 卓志强· 林木声· 卓松盛· 郑健· 罗娟· 罗富和· 林怡· 郑振涛· 林武· 郑惠强· 郑泽光· 林应武· 林少春· 胡存智· 郭锋· 徐少华· 唐豪· 黄龙云· 陈逸葵· 黄兰发· 梁田庚· 黄业斌· 黄强· 彭建文· 曾华· 温兰子· 覃卫东· 温国辉· 蓝佛安· 雷于蓝· 蓝绍敏· 赖泽华

籍贯:重庆

丁洪· 马正其· 干勇· 王显刚· 王杰· 王合清· 王立英· 李晓东· 龙华· 代小红· 白文农· 左军· 刘强· 刘新宇· 江涛· 刘学普· 刘昌林· 刘峰· 刘家义· 向东· 刘鹏· 李向志· 李应兰· 汪夔万· 何平· 吴盛海· 何毅· 李春奎· 张学锋· 吴道藩· 张勤· 辛国荣· 李晓全· 陈文森· 陈刚· 吴子丹· 李晓红· 何事忠· 张晓兰· 陈艳华· 罗强· 周波· 周勇· 周新建· 周慕冰· 易红· 周曦· 郑平· 罗成· 周少政· 罗东川· 郑洪· 周旬· 胡泽君· 赵世庆· 姜平· 唐远游· 唐川· 陶长海· 唐德祥· 徐世国· 夏祖相· 钱建超· 袁野· 徐海荣· 唐利民· 聂卫国· 唐仁健· 梅时雨· 黄小祥· 龚均· 曹邦兴· 蒋宜茂· 程东红· 覃昌德· 彭琳· 董奇· 谢小军· 彭永辉· 彭渝· 童小平· 赖蛟· 路伟· 谭家玲· 樊代明· 燕平· 蹇泽西

籍贯:四川

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籍贯:贵州

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籍贯:甘肃

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籍贯:青海

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籍贯:宁夏

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籍贯:新疆

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Full text: Action plan on the Belt and Road Initiative

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Full text: Action plan on the Belt and Road Initiative

 
Updated: Mar 30,2015 7:31 PM     english.gov.cn

The following is the full text of an action plan on the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative issued by the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, with State Council authorization, on March 28.

Preface

More than two millennia ago the diligent and courageous people of Eurasia explored and opened up several routes of trade and cultural exchanges that linked the major civilizations of Asia, Europe and Africa, collectively called the Silk Road by later generations. For thousands of years, the Silk Road Spirit-”peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit”-has been passed from generation to generation, promoted the progress of human civilization, and contributed greatly to the prosperity and development of the countries along the Silk Road. Symbolizing communication and cooperation between the East and the West, the Silk Road Spirit is a historic and cultural heritage shared by all countries around the world.

In the 21st century, a new era marked by the theme of peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit, it is all the more important for us to carry on the Silk Road Spirit in face of the weak recovery of the global economy, and complex international and regional situations.

When Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Central Asia and Southeast Asia in September and October of 2013, he raised the initiative of jointly building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road (hereinafter referred to as the Belt and Road), which have attracted close attention from all over the world. At the China-ASEAN Expo in 2013, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang emphasized the need to build the Maritime Silk Road oriented toward ASEAN, and to create strategic propellers for hinterland development. Accelerating the building of the Belt and Road can help promote the economic prosperity of the countries along the Belt and Road and regional economic cooperation, strengthen exchanges and mutual learning between different civilizations, and promote world peace and development. It is a great undertaking that will benefit people around the world.

The Belt and Road Initiative is a systematic project, which should be jointly built through consultation to meet the interests of all, and efforts should be made to integrate the development strategies of the countries along the Belt and Road. The Chinese government has drafted and published the Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road to promote the implementation of the Initiative, instill vigor and vitality into the ancient Silk Road, connect Asian, European and African countries more closely and promote mutually beneficial cooperation to a new high and in new forms.

I.

Background

Complex and profound changes are taking place in the world. The underlying impact of the international financial crisis keeps emerging; the world economy is recovering slowly, and global development is uneven; the international trade and investment landscape and rules for multilateral trade and investment are undergoing major adjustments; and countries still face big challenges to their development.

The initiative to jointly build the Belt and Road, embracing the trend toward a multipolar world, economic globalization, cultural diversity and greater IT application, is designed to uphold the global free trade regime and the open world economy in the spirit of open regional cooperation. It is aimed at promoting orderly and free flow of economic factors, highly efficient allocation of resources and deep integration of markets; encouraging the countries along the Belt and Road to achieve economic policy coordination and carry out broader and more in-depth regional cooperation of higher standards; and jointly creating an open, inclusive and balanced regional economic cooperation architecture that benefits all. Jointly building the Belt and Road is in the interests of the world community. Reflecting the common ideals and pursuit of human societies, it is a positive endeavor to seek new models of international cooperation and global governance, and will inject new positive energy into world peace and development.

The Belt and Road Initiative aims to promote the connectivity of Asian, European and African continents and their adjacent seas, establish and strengthen partnerships among the countries along the Belt and Road, set up all-dimensional, multitiered and composite connectivity networks, and realize diversified, independent, balanced and sustainable development in these countries. The connectivity projects of the Initiative will help align and coordinate the development strategies of the countries along the Belt and Road, tap market potential in this region, promote investment and consumption, create demands and job opportunities, enhance people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and mutual learning among the peoples of the relevant countries, and enable them to understand, trust and respect each other and live in harmony, peace and prosperity.

China’s economy is closely connected with the world economy. China will stay committed to the basic policy of opening-up, build a new pattern of all-around opening-up, and integrate itself deeper into the world economic system. The Initiative will enable China to further expand and deepen its opening-up, and to strengthen its mutually beneficial cooperation with countries in Asia, Europe and Africa and the rest of the world. China is committed to shouldering more responsibilities and obligations within its capabilities, and making greater contributions to the peace and development of mankind.

II.

Principles

The Belt and Road Initiative is in line with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. It upholds the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual nonaggression, mutual noninterference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.

The Initiative is open for cooperation. It covers, but is not limited to, the area of the ancient Silk Road. It is open to all countries, and international and regional organizations for engagement, so that the results of the concerted efforts will benefit wider areas.

The Initiative is harmonious and inclusive. It advocates tolerance among civilizations, respects the paths and modes of development chosen by different countries, and supports dialogues among different civilizations on the principles of seeking common ground while shelving differences and drawing on each other’s strengths, so that all countries can coexist in peace for common prosperity.

The Initiative follows market operation. It will abide by market rules and international norms, give play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation and the primary role of enterprises, and let the governments perform their due functions.

The Initiative seeks mutual benefit. It accommodates the interests and concerns of all parties involved, and seeks a conjunction of interests and the “biggest common denominator” for cooperation so as to give full play to the wisdom and creativity, strengths and potentials of all parties.

III.

Framework

The Belt and Road Initiative is a way for win-win cooperation that promotes common development and prosperity and a road toward peace and friendship by enhancing mutual understanding and trust, and strengthening all-around exchanges. The Chinese government advocates peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit. It promotes practical cooperation in all fields, and works to build a community of shared interests, destiny and responsibility featuring mutual political trust, economic integration and cultural inclusiveness.

The Belt and Road run through the continents of Asia, Europe and Africa, connecting the vibrant East Asia economic circle at one end and developed European economic circle at the other, and encompassing countries with huge potential for economic development. The Silk Road Economic Belt focuses on bringing together China, Central Asia, Russia and Europe (the Baltic); linking China with the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea through Central Asia and West Asia; and connecting China with Southeast Asia, South Asia and the Indian Ocean. The 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road is designed to go from China’s coast to Europe through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean in one route, and from China’s coast through the South China Sea to the South Pacific in the other.

On land, the Initiative will focus on jointly building a new Eurasian Land Bridge and developing China-Mongolia-Russia, China-Central Asia-West Asia and China-Indochina Peninsula economic corridors by taking advantage of international transport routes, relying on core cities along the Belt and Road and using key economic industrial parks as cooperation platforms. At sea, the Initiative will focus on jointly building smooth, secure and efficient transport routes connecting major sea ports along the Belt and Road. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor are closely related to the Belt and Road Initiative, and therefore require closer cooperation and greater progress.

The Initiative is an ambitious economic vision of the opening-up of and cooperation among the countries along the Belt and Road. Countries should work in concert and move toward the objectives of mutual benefit and common security. To be specific, they need to improve the region’s infrastructure, and put in place a secure and efficient network of land, sea and air passages, lifting their connectivity to a higher level; further enhance trade and investment facilitation, establish a network of free trade areas that meet high standards, maintain closer economic ties, and deepen political trust; enhance cultural exchanges; encourage different civilizations to learn from each other and flourish together; and promote mutual understanding, peace and friendship among people of all countries.

IV.

Cooperation Priorities

Countries along the Belt and Road have their own resource advantages and their economies are mutually complementary. Therefore, there is a great potential and space for cooperation. They should promote policy coordination, facilities connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration and people-to-people bonds as their five major goals, and strengthen cooperation in the following key areas:

Policy coordination

Enhancing policy coordination is an important guarantee for implementing the Initiative. We should promote intergovernmental cooperation, build a multilevel intergovernmental macro policy exchange and communication mechanism, expand shared interests, enhance mutual political trust, and reach new cooperation consensus. Countries along the Belt and Road may fully coordinate their economic development strategies and policies, work out plans and measures for regional cooperation, negotiate to solve cooperation-related issues, and jointly provide policy support for the implementation of practical cooperation and large-scale projects.

Facilities connectivity

Facilities connectivity is a priority area for implementing the Initiative. On the basis of respecting each other’s sovereignty and security concerns, countries along the Belt and Road should improve the connectivity of their infrastructure construction plans and technical standard systems, jointly push forward the construction of international trunk passageways, and form an infrastructure network connecting all subregions in Asia, and between Asia, Europe and Africa step by step. At the same time, efforts should be made to promote green and low-carbon infrastructure construction and operation management, taking into full account the impact of climate change on the construction.

With regard to transport infrastructure construction, we should focus on the key passageways, junctions and projects, and give priority to linking up unconnected road sections, removing transport bottlenecks, advancing road safety facilities and traffic management facilities and equipment, and improving road network connectivity. We should build a unified coordination mechanism for whole-course transportation, increase connectivity of customs clearance, reloading and multimodal transport between countries, and gradually formulate compatible and standard transport rules, so as to realize international transport facilitation. We should push forward port infrastructure construction, build smooth land-water transportation channels, and advance port cooperation; increase sea routes and the number of voyages, and enhance information technology cooperation in maritime logistics. We should expand and build platforms and mechanisms for comprehensive civil aviation cooperation, and quicken our pace in improving aviation infrastructure.

We should promote cooperation in the connectivity of energy infrastructure, work in concert to ensure the security of oil and gas pipelines and other transport routes, build cross-border power supply networks and power-transmission routes, and cooperate in regional power grid upgrading and transformation.

We should jointly advance the construction of cross-border optical cables and other communications trunk line networks, improve international communications connectivity, and create an Information Silk Road. We should build bilateral cross-border optical cable networks at a quicker pace, plan transcontinental submarine optical cable projects, and improve spatial (satellite) information passageways to expand information exchanges and cooperation.

Unimpeded trade

Investment and trade cooperation is a major task in building the Belt and Road. We should strive to improve investment and trade facilitation, and remove investment and trade barriers for the creation of a sound business environment within the region and in all related countries. We will discuss with countries and regions along the Belt and Road on opening free trade areas so as to unleash the potential for expanded cooperation.

Countries along the Belt and Road should enhance customs cooperation such as information exchange, mutual recognition of regulations, and mutual assistance in law enforcement; improve bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the fields of inspection and quarantine, certification and accreditation, standard measurement, and statistical information; and work to ensure that the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement takes effect and is implemented. We should improve the customs clearance facilities of border ports, establish a “single-window” in border ports, reduce customs clearance costs, and improve customs clearance capability. We should increase cooperation in supply chain safety and convenience, improve the coordination of cross-border supervision procedures, promote online checking of inspection and quarantine certificates, and facilitate mutual recognition of Authorized Economic Operators. We should lower non-tariff barriers, jointly improve the transparency of technical trade measures, and enhance trade liberalization and facilitation.

We should expand trading areas, improve trade structure, explore new growth areas of trade, and promote trade balance. We should make innovations in our forms of trade, and develop cross-border e-commerce and other modern business models. A service trade support system should be set up to consolidate and expand conventional trade, and efforts to develop modern service trade should be strengthened. We should integrate investment and trade, and promote trade through investment.

We should speed up investment facilitation, eliminate investment barriers, and push forward negotiations on bilateral investment protection agreements and double taxation avoidance agreements to protect the lawful rights and interests of investors.

We should expand mutual investment areas, deepen cooperation in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries, agricultural machinery manufacturing and farm produce processing, and promote cooperation in marine-product farming, deep-sea fishing, aquatic product processing, seawater desalination, marine biopharmacy, ocean engineering technology, environmental protection industries, marine tourism and other fields. We should increase cooperation in the exploration and development of coal, oil, gas, metal minerals and other conventional energy sources; advance cooperation in hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, solar power and other clean, renewable energy sources; and promote cooperation in the processing and conversion of energy and resources at or near places where they are exploited, so as to create an integrated industrial chain of energy and resource cooperation. We should enhance cooperation in deep-processing technology, equipment and engineering services in the fields of energy and resources.

We should push forward cooperation in emerging industries. In accordance with the principles of mutual complementarity and mutual benefit, we should promote in-depth cooperation with other countries along the Belt and Road in new-generation information technology, biotechnology, new energy technology, new materials and other emerging industries, and establish entrepreneurial and investment cooperation mechanisms.

We should improve the division of labor and distribution of industrial chains by encouraging the entire industrial chain and related industries to develop in concert; establish R & D, production and marketing systems; and improve industrial supporting capacity and the overall competitiveness of regional industries. We should increase the openness of our service industry to each other to accelerate the development of regional service industries. We should explore a new mode of investment cooperation, working together to build all forms of industrial parks such as overseas economic and trade cooperation zones and cross-border economic cooperation zones, and promote industrial cluster development. We should promote ecological progress in conducting investment and trade, increase cooperation in conserving eco-environment, protecting biodiversity, and tackling climate change, and join hands to make the Silk Road an environment-friendly one.

We welcome companies from all countries to invest in China, and encourage Chinese enterprises to participate in infrastructure construction in other countries along the Belt and Road, and make industrial investments there. We support localized operation and management of Chinese companies to boost the local economy, increase local employment, improve local livelihoods, and take social responsibilities in protecting local biodiversity and eco-environment.

Financial integration

Financial integration is an important underpinning for implementing the Belt and Road Initiative. We should deepen financial cooperation, and make more efforts in building a currency stability system, investment and financing system and credit information system in Asia. We should expand the scope and scale of bilateral currency swap and settlement with other countries along the Belt and Road, open and develop the bond market in Asia, make joint efforts to establish the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and BRICS New Development Bank, conduct negotiation among related parties on establishing Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) financing institution, and set up and put into operation the Silk Road Fund as early as possible. We should strengthen practical cooperation of China-ASEAN Interbank Association and SCO Interbank Association, and carry out multilateral financial cooperation in the form of syndicated loans and bank credit. We will support the efforts of governments of the countries along the Belt and Road and their companies and financial institutions with good credit-rating to issue Renminbi bonds in China. Qualified Chinese financial institutions and companies are encouraged to issue bonds in both Renminbi and foreign currencies outside China, and use the funds thus collected in countries along the Belt and Road.

We should strengthen financial regulation cooperation, encourage the signing of MOUs on cooperation in bilateral financial regulation, and establish an efficient regulation coordination mechanism in the region. We should improve the system of risk response and crisis management, build a regional financial risk early-warning system, and create an exchange and cooperation mechanism of addressing cross-border risks and crisis. We should increase cross-border exchange and cooperation between credit investigation regulators, credit investigation institutions and credit rating institutions. We should give full play to the role of the Silk Road Fund and that of sovereign wealth funds of countries along the Belt and Road, and encourage commercial equity investment funds and private funds to participate in the construction of key projects of the Initiative.

People-to-people bond

People-to-people bond provides the public support for implementing the Initiative. We should carry forward the spirit of friendly cooperation of the Silk Road by promoting extensive cultural and academic exchanges, personnel exchanges and cooperation, media cooperation, youth and women exchanges and volunteer services, so as to win public support for deepening bilateral and multilateral cooperation.

We should send more students to each other’s countries, and promote cooperation in jointly running schools. China provides 10,000 government scholarships to the countries along the Belt and Road every year. We should hold culture years, arts festivals, film festivals, TV weeks and book fairs in each other’s countries; cooperate on the production and translation of fine films, radio and TV programs; and jointly apply for and protect World Cultural Heritage sites. We should also increase personnel exchange and cooperation between countries along the Belt and Road.

We should enhance cooperation in and expand the scale of tourism; hold tourism promotion weeks and publicity months in each other’s countries; jointly create competitive international tourist routes and products with Silk Road features; and make it more convenient to apply for tourist visa in countries along the Belt and Road. We should push forward cooperation on the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road cruise tourism program. We should carry out sports exchanges and support countries along the Belt and Road in their bid for hosting major international sports events.

We should strengthen cooperation with neighboring countries on epidemic information sharing, the exchange of prevention and treatment technologies and the training of medical professionals, and improve our capability to jointly address public health emergencies. We will provide medical assistance and emergency medical aid to relevant countries, and carry out practical cooperation in maternal and child health, disability rehabilitation, and major infectious diseases including AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. We will also expand cooperation on traditional medicine.

We should increase our cooperation in science and technology, establish joint labs (or research centers), international technology transfer centers and maritime cooperation centers, promote sci-tech personnel exchanges, cooperate in tackling key sci-tech problems, and work together to improve sci-tech innovation capability.

We should integrate existing resources to expand and advance practical cooperation between countries along the Belt and Road on youth employment, entrepreneurship training, vocational skill development, social security management, public administration and management and in other areas of common interest.

We should give full play to the bridging role of communication between political parties and parliaments, and promote friendly exchanges between legislative bodies, major political parties and political organizations of countries along the Belt and Road. We should carry out exchanges and cooperation among cities, encourage major cities in these countries to become sister cities, focus on promoting practical cooperation, particularly cultural and people-to-people exchanges, and create more lively examples of cooperation. We welcome the think tanks in the countries along the Belt and Road to jointly conduct research and hold forums.

We should increase exchanges and cooperation between nongovernmental organizations of countries along the Belt and Road, organize public interest activities concerning education, healthcare, poverty reduction, biodiversity and ecological protection for the benefit of the general public, and improve the production and living conditions of poverty-stricken areas along the Belt and Road. We should enhance international exchanges and cooperation on culture and media, and leverage the positive role of the Internet and new media tools to foster harmonious and friendly cultural environment and public opinion.

V.

Cooperation Mechanisms

The world economic integration is accelerating and regional cooperation is on the upswing. China will take full advantage of the existing bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms to push forward the building of the Belt and Road and to promote the development of regional cooperation.

We should strengthen bilateral cooperation, and promote comprehensive development of bilateral relations through multilevel and multichannel communication and consultation. We should encourage the signing of cooperation MOUs or plans, and develop a number of bilateral cooperation pilot projects. We should establish and improve bilateral joint working mechanisms, and draw up implementation plans and road maps for advancing the Belt and Road Initiative. In addition, we should give full play to the existing bilateral mechanisms such as joint committee, mixed committee, coordinating committee, steering committee and management committee to coordinate and promote the implementation of cooperation projects.

We should enhance the role of multilateral cooperation mechanisms, make full use of existing mechanisms such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), ASEAN Plus China (10+1), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD), Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), China-Arab States Cooperation Forum (CASCF), China-Gulf Cooperation Council Strategic Dialogue, Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Economic Cooperation, and Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) to strengthen communication with relevant countries, and attract more countries and regions to participate in the Belt and Road Initiative.

We should continue to encourage the constructive role of the international forums and exhibitions at regional and subregional levels hosted by countries along the Belt and Road, as well as such platforms as Boao Forum for Asia, China-ASEAN Expo, China-Eurasia Expo, Euro-Asia Economic Forum, China International Fair for Investment and Trade, China-South Asia Expo, China-Arab States Expo, Western China International Fair, China-Russia Expo, and Qianhai Cooperation Forum. We should support the local authorities and general public of countries along the Belt and Road to explore the historical and cultural heritage of the Belt and Road, jointly hold investment, trade and cultural exchange activities, and ensure the success of the Silk Road (Dunhuang) International Culture Expo, Silk Road International Film Festival and Silk Road International Book Fair. We propose to set up an international summit forum on the Belt and Road Initiative.

VI.

China’s Regions in Pursuing Opening-Up

In advancing the Belt and Road Initiative, China will fully leverage the comparative advantages of its various regions, adopt a proactive strategy of further opening-up, strengthen interaction and cooperation among the eastern, western and central regions, and comprehensively improve the openness of the Chinese economy.

Northwestern and northeastern regions. We should make good use of Xinjiang’s geographic advantages and its role as a window of westward opening-up to deepen communication and cooperation with Central, South and West Asian countries, make it a key transportation, trade, logistics, culture, science and education center, and a core area on the Silk Road Economic Belt. We should give full scope to the economic and cultural strengths of Shaanxi and Gansu provinces and the ethnic and cultural advantages of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region and Qinghai province, build Xi’an into a new focus of reform and opening-up in China’s interior, speed up the development and opening-up of cities such as Lanzhou and Xining, and advance the building of the Ningxia Inland Opening-up Pilot Economic Zone with the goal of creating strategic channels, trade and logistics hubs and key bases for industrial and cultural exchanges opening to Central, South and West Asian countries. We should give full play to Inner Mongolia’s proximity to Mongolia and Russia, improve the railway links connecting Heilongjiang province with Russia and the regional railway network, strengthen cooperation between China’s Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces and Russia’s Far East region on sea-land multimodal transport, and advance the construction of an Eurasian high-speed transport corridor linking Beijing and Moscow with the goal of building key windows opening to the north.

Southwestern region. We should give full play to the unique advantage of Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region as a neighbor of ASEAN countries, speed up the opening-up and development of the Beibu Gulf Economic Zone and the Pearl River-Xijiang Economic Zone, build an international corridor opening to the ASEAN region, create new strategic anchors for the opening-up and development of the southwest and mid-south regions of China, and form an important gateway connecting the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road. We should make good use of the geographic advantage of Yunnan province, advance the construction of an international transport corridor connecting China with neighboring countries, develop a new highlight of economic cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion, and make the region a pivot of China’s opening-up to South and Southeast Asia. We should promote the border trade and tourism and culture cooperation between Tibet autonomous region and neighboring countries such as Nepal.

Coastal regions, and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. We should leverage the strengths of the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, west coast of the Taiwan Straits, Bohai Rim, and other areas with economic zones boasting a high level of openness, robust economic strengths and strong catalytic role, speed up the development of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, and support Fujian province in becoming a core area of the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road. We should give full scope to the role of Qianhai (Shenzhen), Nansha (Guangzhou), Hengqin (Zhuhai) and Pingtan (Fujian) in opening-up and cooperation, deepen their cooperation with Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and help to build the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Big Bay Area. We should promote the development of the Zhejiang Marine Economy Development Demonstration Zone, Fujian Marine Economic Pilot Zone and Zhoushan Archipelago New Area, and further open Hainan province as an international tourism island. We should strengthen the port construction of coastal cities such as Shanghai, Tianjin, Ningbo-Zhoushan, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhanjiang, Shantou, Qingdao, Yantai, Dalian, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Quanzhou, Haikou and Sanya, and strengthen the functions of international hub airports such as Shanghai and Guangzhou. We should use opening-up to motivate these areas to carry out deeper reform, create new systems and mechanisms of open economy, step up scientific and technological innovation, develop new advantages for participating in and leading international cooperation and competition, and become the pacesetter and main force in the Belt and Road Initiative, particularly the building of the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road. We should leverage the unique role of overseas Chinese and the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions, and encourage them to participate in and contribute to the Belt and Road Initiative. We should also make proper arrangements for the Taiwan region to be part of this effort.

Inland regions. We should make use of the advantages of inland regions, including a vast landmass, rich human resources and a strong industrial foundation, focus on such key regions as the city clusters along the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, around Chengdu and Chongqing, in central Henan province, around Hohhot, Baotou, Erdos and Yulin, and around Harbin and Changchun to propel regional interaction and cooperation and industrial concentration. We should build Chongqing into an important pivot for developing and opening up the western region, and make Chengdu, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Nanchang and Hefei leading areas of opening-up in the inland regions. We should accelerate cooperation between regions on the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River and their counterparts along Russia’s Volga River. We should set up coordination mechanisms in terms of railway transport and port customs clearance for the China-Europe corridor, cultivate the brand of “China-Europe freight trains,” and construct a cross-border transport corridor connecting the eastern, central and western regions. We should support inland cities such as Zhengzhou and Xi’an in building airports and international land ports, strengthen customs clearance cooperation between inland ports and ports in the coastal and border regions, and launch pilot e-commerce services for cross-border trade. We should optimize the layout of special customs oversight areas, develop new models of processing trade, and deepen industrial cooperation with countries along the Belt and Road.

VII.

China in Action

For more than a year, the Chinese government has been actively promoting the building of the Belt and Road, enhancing communication and consultation and advancing practical cooperation with countries along the Belt and Road, and introduced a series of policies and measures for early outcomes.

High-level guidance and facilitation. President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang have visited over 20 countries, attended the Dialogue on Strengthening Connectivity Partnership and the sixth ministerial conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum, and met with leaders of relevant countries to discuss bilateral relations and regional development issues. They have used these opportunities to explain the rich contents and positive implications of the Belt and Road Initiative, and their efforts have helped bring about a broad consensus on the Belt and Road Initiative.

Signing cooperation framework. China has signed MOUs of cooperation on the joint development of the Belt and Road with some countries, and on regional cooperation and border cooperation and mid-and long-term development plans for economic and trade cooperation with some neighboring countries. It has proposed outlines of regional cooperation plans with some adjacent countries.

Promoting project cooperation. China has enhanced communication and consultation with countries along the Belt and Road, and promoted a number of key cooperation projects in the fields of infrastructure connectivity, industrial investment, resource development, economic and trade cooperation, financial cooperation, cultural exchanges, ecological protection and maritime cooperation where the conditions are right.

Improving policies and measures. The Chinese government will integrate its domestic resources to provide stronger policy support for the Initiative. It will facilitate the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. China has proposed the Silk Road Fund, and the investment function of the China-Eurasia Economic Cooperation Fund will be reinforced. We will encourage bank card clearing institutions to conduct cross-border clearing operations, and payment institutions to conduct cross-border payment business. We will actively promote investment and trade facilitation, and accelerate the reform of integrated regional customs clearance.

Boosting the role of cooperation platforms. A number of international summits, forums, seminars and expos on the theme of the Belt and Road Initiative have been held, which have played an important role in increasing mutual understanding, reaching consensus and deepening cooperation.

VIII.

Embracing a Brighter Future Together

Though proposed by China, the Belt and Road Initiative is a common aspiration of all countries along their routes. China is ready to conduct equal-footed consultation with all countries along the Belt and Road to seize the opportunity provided by the Initiative, promote opening-up, communication and integration among countries in a larger scope, with higher standards and at deeper levels, while giving consideration to the interests and aspirations of all parties. The development of the Belt and Road is open and inclusive, and we welcome the active participation of all countries and international and regional organizations in this Initiative.

The development of the Belt and Road should mainly be conducted through policy communication and objectives coordination. It is a pluralistic and open process of cooperation which can be highly flexible, and does not seek conformity. China will join other countries along the Belt and Road to substantiate and improve the content and mode of the Belt and Road cooperation, work out relevant timetables and road maps, and align national development programs and regional cooperation plans.

China will work with countries along the Belt and Road to carry out joint research, forums and fairs, personnel training, exchanges and visits under the framework of existing bilateral, multilateral, regional and subregional cooperation mechanisms, so that they will gain a better understanding and recognition of the contents, objectives and tasks of the Belt and Road Initiative.

China will work with countries along the Belt and Road to steadily advance demonstration projects, jointly identify programs that accommodate bilateral and multilateral interests, and accelerate the launching of programs that are agreed upon by parties and ready for implementation, so as to ensure early harvest.

The Belt and Road cooperation features mutual respect and trust, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, and mutual learning between civilizations. As long as all countries along the Belt and Road make concerted efforts to pursue our common goal, there will be bright prospects for the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, and the people of countries along the Belt and Road can all benefit from this Initiative.


Updated: Mar 30,2015 7:31 PM     english.gov.cn Full text: Action plan on the Belt and Road Initiative

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